Fantasies about super-warriors are as old as the civilizations that first went to war against each other. Modern versions of these military “action figures” have often been imagined as soldiers who have been transformed by performance-enhancing drugs. Fascination with their elite status translates easily into fantasies about their special access to powerful drugs. Imagining the … [Read more...] about Steroids in the U.S. Military – The Special Forces
The online chat-rooms that attract self-identified military personnel, as well as others who leave posts on these sites, are the only real source of information about how enlisted soldiers think about anabolic steroids. Much of my confidence in the more substantial postings is based on what I know about American police officers’ use of steroids and their motives for using them. … [Read more...] about Steroids in the U.S. Military: The View from the Ranks (Part 2)
“What is the perception of AAS [anabolic-androgenic steroids] among the vast number of servicemen?” an anonymous website commentator asked on October 24, 2007. “Same brainwashing? I would assume that having a strong soldier would be a top priority …” To which a like-minded poster added: “it’s really a general expectation that the ideal Soldier is considerably stronger than the … [Read more...] about Steroids in the U.S. Military – The View From the Ranks (Part 1)
When it comes to “entertainers” and drug use, there are two distinct genres of popular entertainment. One of them is charged with enforcing ethical norms, while the other is not. The managers of major American sports leagues and federations are expected to enforce codes of behavior that prominently include zero tolerance for criminal behaviors that include the use of doping … [Read more...] about Entertainment on Steroids (Part 2)
It has long been an open secret that many performers in the entertainment industry take, or are widely presumed to take, anabolic steroids and human growth hormone (hGH), along with their "recreational" drugs like cocaine and marijuana. No one should be surprised that performers whose careers require taut skin and well-defined muscles would use PIED's (performance- and … [Read more...] about Entertainment on Steroids (Part 1)
Is it possible to detoxify a major sport in the Age of Doping? Any realistic response to that question must acknowledge that “cleaning up” a sport has two dimensions: (1) preventing performance-enhancing drug (PED) use by athletes, and (2) convincing the sporting public that everything possible is being done to achieve this result and that real progress is being made. There is, … [Read more...] about Surviving the Tour: Can Cycling Be Saved?