Emerging Mechanisms of GH-Induced Lipolysis and Insulin Resistance

Discussion in 'Human Growth Hormone and Peptides' started by Michael Scally MD, Nov 3, 2019.

  1. Michael Scally MD

    Michael Scally MD Doctor of Medicine

    Emerging Mechanisms of GH-Induced Lipolysis and Insulin Resistance

    Growth hormone (GH) is a pleiotropic hormone that coordinates an array of physiological processes including growth and metabolism. GH promotes anabolic action in all tissues except adipose, where it catabolizes stored fat to release energy for the promotion of growth in other tissues.

    However, chronic stimulation of lipolysis by GH results in an increased flux of free fatty acids (FFAs) into systemic circulation. Hence, a sustained release of high levels of GH contributes significantly to the development of insulin resistance by antagonizing the anti-lipolytic action of insulin.

    The molecular pathways associated with the lipolytic effect of GH in adipose tissue however, remain elusive. Recent studies have provided molecular insights into GH-induced lipolysis and impairment of insulin signaling.

    This review discusses the physiological and metabolic actions of GH on adipose tissue as well as GH-mediated deregulation of the FSP27-PPARgamma axis which alters adipose tissue homeostasis and contributes to the development of insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes.

    Sharma VM. Emerging Mechanisms of GH-Induced Lipolysis and Insulin Resistance. Pediatric endocrinology reviews: PER 2019;17:4-16. https://www.pediatricendoreviews.com/volume-17-1-sep-2019
     

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